Aristotle applied the same patient, careful, descriptive approach to his examination of moral philosophy in the εθικη νικομαχοι (nicomachean ethics)here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life. Furthermore, she augments her analysis with lengthy discussions of plato's lysis, montaigne's of friendship, and cicero's laelius (as well as a briefer discussion of bacon's of friendship), all of which she sees as posing illuminating alternatives to the position aristotle develops the result is a book that is full of. Socrates on friendship and community is a work filled with sensitive analysis and reflection, both in its careful reading of the dialogues on which it focuses and in its comparison of plato with two thinkers from the modern period, kierkegaard and nietzsche, who nichols claims had very different views on the value of friendship and community, and as a consequence very different views on the. Aristotle's view on friendship is much broader than this his arguments are certainly not flawless in this essay i will outline what aristotle said about friendship in the nichomachaen ethics and highlight possible flaws in his arguments. aristotle on friendship friendship is a bond in which many individuals make every effort to achieve, although the meaning of it is not known to them individuals surround themselves with other humans, their friends, in order to achieve a greater happiness.
The nicomachean ethics, aristotle's most important study of personal morality and the ends of human life, has for many centuries been a widely-read and influential book though written more than 2,000 years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct among. Aristotle's view on friendship this essay aristotle's view on friendship and other 64,000+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on reviewessayscom autor: review • january 5, 2011 • essay • 1,361 words (6 pages) • 1,347 views. Aristotle (384—322 bce) aristotle is a towering figure in ancient greek philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology. Analysis of bacon's essay of friendship as a pragmatic and as an empirical thinker bacon followed two fundamental renaissance principles—sepantia or search for knowledge and eloquentia, the art of rhetoric this explains, to some extent, the impassioned presentation of his ideas an.
Aristotle sets out a number of conditions essential to friendship in any full sense of the term, and we go through each of them, examining what these criteria are, how they function, and what. A view of friendship as grounded on mutual admiration of ethical character whilst there is appeal in the idea, stressed by whiting, that friendship is grounded upon a kind of impersonal admiration, aristotelian metaphysics. When looking at virtue, both plato and aristotle start with the views of what counted as virtues in greek society the virtues aristotle lists in the nichomachean ethics are derived from this, as are the virtues that plato focuses on in many of his dialogues (but most famously, the republic. There are three kinds of friendship the first is friendship based on utility, where both people derive some benefit from each other the second is friendship based on pleasure, where both people are drawn to the other's wit, good looks, or other pleasant qualities. Aristotle's discussion of friendship implies his fundamental view of human beings as social beings even if a man had everything else wealth, fame, virtue, and so on he still could not lead a happy life without friends.
With true friendship, friends love each other for their own sake, and they wish good things for each other this kind of friendship, says aristotle, is only possible between good people similar in virtue, because only good people are capable of loving another person for that person's own sake. Friendship, as understood here, is a distinctively personal relationship that is grounded in a concern on the part of each friend for the welfare of the other, for the other's sake, and that involves some degree of intimacy. Views on literary composition in literature: western certainly, aristotle is primarily interested in the theoretical construction of tragedy, much as an architect might analyze the construction of a temple, but he is not exclusively objective and matter of fact. Aristotle seems to have accepted this analysis, and augmented it with an explanation of just how to understand friendship with one's neighbors he says, the defining features of friendship that are found in friendship to one's neighbors would seem to be derived from features of friendship toward oneself (1166a1-3.
An in-depth analysis of aristotle's view of friendship will consequently be provided at the end of the next chapter for now, the analysis will cover the points in this chapter which are not directly connected with those discussed in the next chapter. Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. Aristotle understood the importance of friendship, books viii and ix of the nicomachean ethics deal solely with this topic a modern day definition of a friend can be defined as one joined to another in intimacy and mutual benevolence independently of sexual or family love. Aristotle figured there were three kinds of friendships: 1) friendships of utility: exist between you and someone who is useful to you in some wayfor instance, perhaps you're friendly with your.
Friendship generally exists between equals, though there are cases, like the father-son relationship, which rely on unequal exchanges political institutions rely on friendly feelings between citizens, so friendship and justice are closely connected. 3 aristotle and montaigne on friendship as the greatest good 57 4 friendships in politics and the family 79 5 cicero's laelius : political friendship at its best 105. The nicomachean ethics is the name normally given to aristotle's best known work on ethics the work consists of ten books and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the lyceum, which were perhaps edited by or dedicated to aristotle's son, nicomachus.