Several well known answers to the question, \'\'why be moral\'\' are recounted and are found to have serious objections as a basis for our inquiry into ethical theories, the working answer to this question is to attempt to develop an ethical theory founded on truth rather than opinion or belief. Kant's ethics the basics necessary means and so, third, we cannot will a situation in which it would be happiness is morally bad so we evaluate happiness. Why be moral (1998) theodore m drange the title question why be moral has been around a long time one use that is sometimes made of it is to argue that the only possible basis that morality can have is one that connects it with god. I've been thinking about moral proximity and the significance of reciprocity for ethical behaviour it's generally accepted that the proximity of our relationship with other moral agents is morally relevant, for instance it seems morally permissible for a parent to save their own child from a fire before a stranger. An individual can exercise a key success factor for developing a moral character to achieve the kind of happiness everyone longs for people are successful in life to the degree to which they can organize their world in such a way that they are genuinely happy.
It follows that freedom is a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for happiness individual happiness can be defined as the positive conscious emotional experience that accompanies or derives from the use of one's human potentialities, including one's talents, capabilities, and virtues. The moral philosophy of st thomas aquinas (1225-1274) involves a merger of at least two apparently disparate traditions: aristotelian eudaimonism and christian theology on the one hand, aquinas follows aristotle in thinking that an act is good or bad depending on whether it contributes to or. Effectively leave happiness out of his moral theory kant believes that autonomy of the will is the sole and supreme prin- ciple of morality 32 through his analysis, kant shows that the moral prin.
A formal definition of happiness or flourishing (eudaimonia) happiness (or flourishing or living well) is a complete and sufficient good this implies (a) that it is desired for itself, (b) that it is not desired for the sake of anything else, (c) that it satisfies all desire and has no evil mixed in with it, and (d) that it is stable. Happiness and moral virtue in aristotle's nicomachaen ethics, the principle concern is the nature of human well-being according to aristotle, everything we do in life, we do for the sake of some good, or at least something perceived to be good (1094a1-3. Human flourishing is the reward of the virtues and values and happiness is the goal and reward of human flourishing self-direction (ie, autonomy) involves the use of one's reason and is central and necessary for the possibility of attaining human flourishing, self-esteem, and happiness. Acts of friendship seem both more truly generous and more conducive to one's own happiness than acts done strictly because they are moral acting for the sake of what is good means having primary regard for one's own virtue and the good of one's own soul, whereas acting for a friend seems to be self-forgetting. Immanuel kant (1724-1804) kant is a notoriously difficult philosopher to read to make it as easy for you as i can, i've selected some of the most important passages from kant, inserted section titles of my own (in square brackets), highlighted the most significant parts, and interspersed the text with some of my explanations.
Eudaimonia (greek: εὐδαιμονία [eu̯dai̯moníaː]), sometimes anglicized as eudaemonia or eudemonia / j uː d ɪ ˈ m oʊ n i ə /, is a greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare however, human flourishing or prosperity has been proposed as a more accurate translation. Moral happiness is happiness tempered by moral considerations in the long-run, those moral considerations will do more for your self-esteem and self-confidence and sense of value and worth and trust and self-respect than any amount of self-serving happiness ever could in the short-run. Freely is necessary for morality - animals and young children simply act on their desires, and so we don't think they are capable of acting morally yes, their actions can have. (d) for hobbes, acting morally means acting simply to survive, even if others don't for locke, it means overcoming aggressive instincts in order to achieve peace in the state of nature 154 according to locke, human beings have a natural, god-given right to own property insofar as they.
Acting virtuously, however, is the primary means to becoming virtuous for, according to aristotle, virtues arise in us neither by nature nor contrary to nature but by our nature we can receive them and perfect them by habituation (1103a. Situation the morally right thing to do is the action that promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people however pain and pleasure are not the only criteria that later utilitarians have used to. In discussing the relationship between morality and courage, sontag speaks to the kind of moral imagination so essential for happiness: at the center of our moral life and our moral imagination are the great models of resistance: the great stories of those who have said no.
Immanuel kant 105 knowledge associated with david hume and john locke four years later, he published the groundwork for the metaphysics of morals, the $ rst of his several works on moral philosophy. Moral principles should be derived from experience about what makes people happy, not from logic in this installment of our exchange, i want to give some further reasons for thinking that my picture of morality is the more plausible one arkes' geometric picture of morality cannot account for the. The fever for happiness is spurred on, in part, by a growing body of research suggesting that happiness does not just feel good but is good for you—it's been linked to all sorts of benefits. If following the law of nature is not morally obligatory, then is it necessary to stay in a marriage you don't much like, a marriage that seems antithetical to your happiness and well-being is it even obligatory to stay married for the sake of the kids—that is, even when you are still under the obligation of the law of nature to care for them.